Vietnam War

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Vietnam War
(Chiến tranh Việt Nam)
Part of the Indochina Wars and the Cold War

Clockwise, from top left: US combat operations in Ia Drang, ARVN Rangers defending Saigon during the 1968 Tet Offensive, two Douglas A-4C Skyhawks enroute for airstrikes against North Vietnam after the Gulf of Tonkin incident, ARVN recapture Quảng Trị during the 1972 Easter Offensive, civilians fleeing the 1972 Battle of Quảng Trị, burial of 300 victims of the 1968 Huế Massacre.
Date 1 November 1955 (1955-11-01) – 30 April 1975 (1975-04-30)
(18 years, 4 months, 4 weeks and 1 day)
Location South Vietnam, North Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos
Result North Vietnamese victory
Reunification of North and South Vietnam into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Capitalist forces:

 South Vietnam
United States United States
 South Korea
 New Zealand
Cambodia Khmer Republic
Laos Kingdom of Laos

Supported by:

Communist forces:

 North Vietnam
Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam Viet Cong
Cambodia Khmer Rouge
Laos Pathet Lao

Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 North Korea
Bulgaria Bulgaria

Commanders and leaders
South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
South Vietnam Nguyễn Văn Thiệu
South Vietnam Nguyen Cao Ky
South Vietnam Cao Văn Viên
South Vietnam Ngô Quang Trưởng
United States John F. Kennedy
United States Lyndon B. Johnson
United States Richard Nixon
United States William Westmoreland
United States Creighton Abrams
United States Robert McNamara
South Korea Park Chung-hee
South Korea Chae Myung Shin
Australia Robert Menzies
Australia Harold Holt
New Zealand Keith Holyoake
Thailand Thanom Kittikachorn
...and others
North Vietnam Ho Chi Minh
North Vietnam Le Duan
North Vietnam Võ Nguyên Giáp
North Vietnam Van Tien Dung
North Vietnam Le Trong Tan
North Vietnam Phạm Văn Đồng
Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam Hoang Van Thai
Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam Tran Van Tra
Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Linh
Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
...and others
~1,830,000 (1968)

South Vietnam South Vietnam: 850,000 (1968)
1,500,000 (1974–5)
United States United States: 536,100 (1968)
Free World Military Forces: 65,000
South KoreaSouth Korea: 50,000
Australia Australia: 7,672
ThailandPhilippines Thailand, Philippines: 10,450
New Zealand New Zealand: 552


North Vietnam North Vietnam: 287,465 (January 1968)
China China: 170,000 (in 1965-69)

Soviet Union Soviet Union: 3,000
North Korea North Korea: 300–600

Casualties and losses
South Vietnam South Vietnam
195,000–430,000 civilian dead
220,357–313,000 military dead
1,170,000 wounded[citation needed]

United States United States
58,220 dead; 303,644 wounded
South Korea South Korea
5,099 dead; 10,962 wounded; 4 missing
Australia Australia
500 dead; 3,129 wounded

New Zealand New Zealand
37 dead; 187 wounded

Thailand Thailand
351 dead;1,358 wounded
Philippines Philippines
9 dead

Total dead: 480,538–807,564
Total wounded: ~1,490,000+[citation needed]

North VietnamProvisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam North Vietnam & Viet Cong
50,000–65,000 civilian dead
400,000–1,100,000 military dead or missing
600,000+ wounded

China China
~1,100 dead and 4,200 wounded
Soviet Union Soviet Union
16 dead

Total dead: 455,462–1,170,462
Total wounded: ~608,200

Vietnamese civilian dead: 245,000–2,000,000

Cambodian Civil War dead: 200,000–300,000*
Laotian Civil War dead: 20,000–200,000*
Total civilian dead: 465,000–2,500,000**
Total dead: 1,102,000–3,886,026 Aircraft losses
* indicates approximations, see Casualties below
For more information see Vietnam War casualties
** This figure includes all of the dead from the Laotian and Cambodian civil wars.

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