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This article is about the Roman Catholic Church. For popes of the Coptic Orthodox Church, see List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria. For a graphical representation of this list, see List of popes (graphical).
Plaque commemorating the popes buried in St Peter's (their names in Latin and the year of their burial)

This chronological list of popes corresponds to that given in the Annuario Pontificio under the heading "I Sommi Pontefici Romani" (The Supreme Pontiffs of Rome), excluding those that are explicitly indicated as antipopes. Published every year by the Roman Curia, the Annuario Pontificio attaches no consecutive numbers to the popes, stating that it is impossible to decide which side represented at various times the legitimate succession, in particular regarding Pope Leo VIII, Pope Benedict V and some mid-11th-century popes.

The 2001 edition of the Annuario Pontificio introduced "almost 200 corrections to its existing biographies of the popes, from St Peter to John Paul II". The corrections concerned dates, especially in the first two centuries, birthplaces and the family name of one pope.

The term pope (Latin: papa "father") is used in several Churches to denote their high spiritual leaders (for example Coptic Pope). This title in English usage usually refers to the head of the Catholic Church. The Catholic pope uses various titles by tradition, including Summus Pontifex, Pontifex Maximus, and Servus servorum Dei. Each title has been added by unique historical events and unlike other papal prerogatives, is not incapable of modification.

Hermannus Contractus may have been the first historian to number the popes continuously. His list ends in 1049 with Pope Leo IX as number 154. Several changes were made to the list during the 20th century. Antipope Christopher was considered legitimate for a long time. Pope-elect Stephen was considered legitimate under the name Stephen II until the 1961 edition, when his name was erased. Although these changes are no longer controversial, a number of modern lists still include this "first Pope Stephen II". It is probable that this is because they are based on the 1913 edition of the Catholic Encyclopedia, which is in the public domain.

A significant number of these popes have been recognized as saints, including 48 out of the first 50 consecutive popes.

Chronological list of popes

1st–5th centuries

1st century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
1 33 – 64/67 St Peter
PETRUS
Simon Peter

Bethsaida, Galilea, Roman Empire Apostle of Jesus Christ from whom he received the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, according to Matthew 16:18–19. Executed by crucifixion upside-down; feast day (Feast of Saints Peter and Paul) 29 June, (Chair of Saint Peter) 22 February. Recognized by the Catholic Church as the first Bishop of Rome appointed by Christ. Also revered as saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 29 June.
2 64/67(?) – 76/79(?) St Linus
LINUS
Linus Tuscia Feast day 23 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.
3 76/79(?) – 88/92 St Anacletus
(Cletus)
ANACLETUS
Anacletus Rome Martyred; feast day 26 April. Once erroneously split into Cletus and Anacletus
4 88/92 – 97 St Clement I
CLEMENS
Clement Rome Feast day 23 November. Issued 1 Clement which is said to be the basis of apostolic authority for the clergy. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 November.
5 97/99 – 105/107 St Evaristus
EVARISTUS
Aristus Bethlehem, Judea Said to have divided Rome into parishes, assigning a priest to each. Feast day of 26 October.

2nd century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
6 105/107 – 115/116 St Alexander I
ALEXANDER
Alexander Rome Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 16 March.
7 115/116 – 125 St Sixtus I
XYSTUS
Xystus Rome Feast day of 6 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
8 125 – 136/138 St Telesphorus
TELESPHORUS
Telesphorus Terranova da Sibari, Calabria  
9 136/138 – 140/142 St Hyginus
HYGINUS
Hyginus Athens, Greece Traditionally martyred; feast day 11 January
10 140/142 – 155 St Pius I
PIUS
Pius Aquileia, Friuli Martyred by sword; feast day 11 July. Decreed that Easter should only be celebrated on a Sunday.
11 155–166 St Anicetus
ANICETUS
Anicitus Emesa, Syria Traditionally martyred; feast day 17 April. Decreed that priests are not allowed to have long hair.
12 c. 166 – 174/175 St Soter
SOTERIUS
Soter Fondi, Latium Traditionally martyred; feast day 22 April. Declared that marriage was valid as a sacrament blessed by a priest; formally inaugurated Easter as an annual festival in Rome.
13 174/175 – 24 May 189 St Eleuterus
ELEUTHERIUS
Eleuther Nicopoli, Epirus Traditionally martyred; feast day 6 May
14 189 – 198/199 St Victor I
VICTOR
Victor Roman Africa Known for excommunicating Theodotus of Byzantium. Quartodecimanism controversy.
15 199–20 December 217

(18 years+)

St Zephyrinus
ZEPHYRINUS
Zephyrinus Rome  

3rd century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
16 c. 217 – 222/223 St Callixtus I
CALLISTUS
Callistus Iberian Peninsula Martyred; feast day 14 October
17 222/223 – 230 St Urban I
URBANUS
Urban Rome Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 May.
18 21 July 230
– 28 September 235
(70005000000000000005 years, 700169000000000000069 days)
St Pontian
PONTIANUS
Pontianus Rome First to abdicate after exile to Sardinia by Emperor Maximinus Thrax. The Liberian Catalogue records his death on 28 September 235, the earliest exact date in papal history.
19 21 November 235
– 3 January 236
(50000000000000000000 years, 700143000000000000043 days)
St Anterus
ANTERUS
Anterus Petilia Policastro - Calabria Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 5 August.
20 10 January 236
– 20 January 250
(700114000000000000014 years, 700110000000000000010 days)
St Fabian
FABIANUS
Fabianus Rome Feast day 20 January. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 5 August.
21 6/11 March 251
– June 253
(2 years+)
St Cornelius
CORNELIUS
Cornelius Rome Died a martyr, through extreme hardship; feast day 16 September
22 25 June 253
– 5 March 254
(256 days)
St Lucius I
LUCIUS
Lucius Rome Feast day 4 March
23 12 May 254
– 2 August 257
(70003000000000000003 years, 700182000000000000082 days)
St Stephen I
STEPHANUS
Stephanus Rome Martyred by beheading; feast day 2 August. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with the same feast day.
24 30/31 August 257
– 6 August 258
(340/341 days)
St Sixtus II
XYSTUS Secundus
Sixtus Greece Martyred by beheading. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
25 22 July 259
– 26 December 268
(70009000000000000009 years, 7002157000000000000157 days)
St Dionysius
DIONYSIUS
Dionysius Greece Feast day 26 December
26 5 January 269
– 30 December 274
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002890000000000000890 days)
St Felix I
FELIX
Felix Rome  
27 4 January 275
– 7 December 283
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002337000000000000337 days)
St Eutychian
EUTYCHIANUS
Eutychianus Tuscany  
28 17 December 283
– 22 April 296
(700112000000000000012 years, 7002127000000000000127 days)
St Caius
CAIUS
Gaius Salona, Dalmatia Martyred (according to legend) Feast day 22 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 11 August.
29 30 June 296
– 1 April 304
(70007000000000000007 years, 7002276000000000000276 days)
St Marcellinus
MARCELLINUS
Marcellinus Rome Feast day 26 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.

4th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
30 308–309 St Marcellus I
MARCELLUS
  Italia Banished from Rome under Maxentius (309).
31 18 April – 17 August 309 or 310 St Eusebius
EUSEBIUS
  Sardinia Banished by the emperor Maxentius and died in exile.
32 2 July 311
– 10 January 314
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002192000000000000192 days)
St Miltiades
(Melchiades)
MILTIADES
  Africa First pope after the end of the persecution of Christians through the Edict of Milan (313 AD) issued by Constantine the Great. Presided over the Lateran council of 313.
33 31 January 314
– 31 December 335
(700121000000000000021 years, 7002334000000000000334 days)
St Sylvester I
SILVESTER
  Sant'Angelo a Scala, Avellino Feast day 31 December. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 2 January. First Council of Nicaea (325). Under him was built: the Basilica of St. John Lateran, Santa Croce in Gerusalemme and Old St. Peter's Basilica. Donation of Constantine.
34 18 January 336
– 7 October 336
(263 days)
St Mark
MARCUS
  Rome Feast day 7 October
35 6 February 337
– 12 April 352
(700115000000000000015 years, 700166000000000000066 days)
St Julius I
IULIUS
  Rome Arian controversy. Credited with splitting the birth of Christ into two distinct celebrations: The Epiphany stayed on the traditional date, and the Nativity was added on 25 December.
36 17 May 352
– 24 September 366
(700114000000000000014 years, 7002130000000000000130 days)
Liberius
LIBERIUS
  Rome Earliest pope not yet canonized by the Roman Catholic Church. Revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 27 August.
37 1 October 366
– 11 December 384
(700118000000000000018 years, 700171000000000000071 days)
St Damasus I
DAMASUS
  Idanha-a-Velha, Portugal Patron of Jerome, commissioned the Vulgate translation of the Bible. Council of Rome (382).
38 11 December 384
– 26 November 399
(700114000000000000014 years, 7002350000000000000350 days)
St Siricius
Papa SIRICIUS
  Rome
39 27 November 399
– 19 December 401
(70002000000000000002 years, 700122000000000000022 days)
St Anastasius I
Papa ANASTASIUS
  Rome Instructed priests to stand and bow their head as they read from the Gospels.

5th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
40 22 December 401
– 12 March 417
(700115000000000000015 years, 700180000000000000080 days)
St Innocent I
Papa INNOCENTIUS
  Albano, Latium Visigoth Sack of Rome (410) under Alaric
41 18 March 417
– 26 December 418
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002283000000000000283 days)
St Zosimus
Papa ZOSIMUS
  Mesoraca, Calabria  
42 28 December 418
– 4 September 422
(70003000000000000003 years, 7002250000000000000250 days)
St Boniface I
Papa BONIFATIUS
  Rome  
43 10 September 422
– 27 July 432
(70009000000000000009 years, 7002321000000000000321 days)
St Celestine I
Papa COELESTINUS
  Rome, Western Roman Empire Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 8 April.
44 31 July 432
– 18 August 440
(70008000000000000008 years, 700118000000000000018 days)
St Sixtus III
Papa SIXTUS Tertius
  Rome  
45 29 September 440
– 10 November 461
(700121000000000000021 years, 700143000000000000043 days)
St Leo I
(Leo the Great)
Papa LEO MAGNUS
  Rome Convinced Attila the Hun to turn back his invasion of Italy. Wrote the Tome which was instrumental in the Council of Chalcedon and in defining the hypostatic union. Feast day 10 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 18 February.
46 19 November 461
– 29 February 468
(70006000000000000006 years, 7002102000000000000102 days)
St Hilarius
Papa HILARIUS
Hilarius Sardinia  
47 3 March 468
– 10 March 483
(700115000000000000015 years, 70007000000000000007 days)
St Simplicius
Papa SIMPLICIUS
Simplicius Tivoli  
48 13 March 483
– 1 March 492
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002354000000000000354 days)
St Felix III (Felix II)
Papa FELIX Tertius (Secundus)
Felice Rome Sometimes called Felix II
49 1 March 492
– 21 November 496
(70004000000000000004 years, 7002265000000000000265 days)
St Gelasius I
Papa GELASIUS
Gelasius Africa To date, the last pope to have been born on the continent of Africa.
50 24 November 496
– 19 November 498
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002360000000000000360 days)
Anastasius II
Papa ANASTASIUS Secundus
Anastasius Rome Tried to end the Acacian schism but it resulted in the Laurentian schism.
51 22 November 498
– 19 July 514
(700115000000000000015 years, 7002239000000000000239 days)
St Symmachus
Papa SYMMACHUS
Simmaco Sardinia  

6th–15th centuries

6th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
52 20 July 514
– 19 July 523
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002364000000000000364 days)
St Hormisdas
Papa HORMISDAS
Hormisdas Frosinone, Southern Latium Father of Pope Silverius. Acacian schism.
53 13 August 523
– 18 May 526
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002278000000000000278 days)
St John I
Papa IOANNES
Giovanni Toscana  
54 13 July 526
– 22 September 530
(70004000000000000004 years, 700171000000000000071 days)
St Felix IV (Felix III)
Papa FELIX Quartus (Tertius)
Felice Samnium Sometimes called Felix III. Built Santi Cosma e Damiano.
55 22 September 530
– 17 October 532
(70002000000000000002 years, 700125000000000000025 days)
Boniface II
Papa BONIFATIUS Secundus
Bonifacio Rome to Ostrogoth parents  
56 2 January 533
– 8 May 535
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002126000000000000126 days)
John II
Papa IOHANNES Secundus
Mercurio Rome First pope to not use his personal name. This was due to Mercury being a Roman god.
57 13 May 535
– 22 April 536
(346 days)
St Agapetus I
Papa AGAPITUS
Agapito Rome, Ostrogothic Kingdom Feast days 22 April 20 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 17 April.
58 1 June 536
– 11 November 537
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002163000000000000163 days)
St Silverius
Papa SILVERIUS
Silverius Italia Exiled; feast day 20 June, son of Pope Hormisdas
59 29 March 537
– 7 June 555
(700118000000000000018 years, 700170000000000000070 days)
Vigilius
Papa VIGILIUS
  Rome  
60 16 April 556
– 4 March 561
(70004000000000000004 years, 7002322000000000000322 days)
Pelagius I
Papa PELAGIUS
  Rome Credited with the construction of the basilica of Santi Apostoli.
61 17 July 561
– 13 July 574
(700112000000000000012 years, 7002361000000000000361 days)
John III
Papa IOANNES Tertius
Catelinus Rome, Eastern Roman Empire  
62 2 June 575
– 30 July 579
(70004000000000000004 years, 700158000000000000058 days)
Benedict I
Papa BENEDICTUS
  Italia  
63 26 November 579
– 7 February 590
(700110000000000000010 years, 700173000000000000073 days)
Pelagius II
Papa PELAGIUS Secundus
  Rome Ordered the construction of the Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura.
64 3 September 590
– 12 March 604
(700113000000000000013 years, 7002191000000000000191 days)
St Gregory I
(Gregory the Great)
Papa GREGORIUS MAGNUS
Gregorio
O.S.B.
Rome The first to formally employ the titles Servus servorum Dei and Pontifex Maximus. Established the Gregorian chant. Feast day 3 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 12 March. Known as "the Father of Christian Worship". Known as "St. Gregory the Dialogist" in Eastern Orthodoxy.

7th Century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
65 13 September 604
– 22 February 606
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002162000000000000162 days)
Sabinian
Papa SABINIANUS
  Blera  
66 19 February 607
– 12 November 607
(267 days)
Boniface III
Papa BONIFATIUS Tertius
Bonifacio Rome  
67 25 August 608
– 8 May 615
(70006000000000000006 years, 7002256000000000000256 days)
St Boniface IV
Papa BONIFATIUS Quartus
Bonifacio
O.S.B.
Marsi First pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
68 19 October 615
– 8 November 618
(70003000000000000003 years, 700120000000000000020 days)
St Adeodatus I
(Deusdedit)
Papa ADEODATUS sive DEUSDEDIT
  Rome Sometimes called Deusdedit, as a result Pope Adeodatus II is sometimes called Pope Adeodatus without a number. The first pope to use lead seals on papal documents, which in time came to be called Papal bulls.
69 23 December 619
– 25 October 625
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002306000000000000306 days)
Boniface V
Papa BONIFATIUS Quintus
Bonifacio Naples  
70 27 October 625
– 12 October 638
(700112000000000000012 years, 7002350000000000000350 days)
Honorius I
Papa HONORIUS
Onorio Campania, Byzantine Empire Named a heretic and anathematized by the Third Council of Constantinople (680)
71 28 May 638
– 2 August 640
(70002000000000000002 years, 700166000000000000066 days)
Severinus
Papa SEVERINUS
Severino Rome  
72 24 December 640
– 12 October 642
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002292000000000000292 days)
John IV
Papa IOANNES Quartus
  Zadar, Dalmatia, Byzantine Empire
73 24 November 642
– 14 May 649
(70006000000000000006 years, 7002171000000000000171 days)
Theodore I
Papa THEODORUS
  Jerusalem The last Israeli pope. Planned the Lateran Council of 649, but died before it could open.
74 21 July 649
– 16 September 655
(70006000000000000006 years, 700157000000000000057 days)
St Martin I
Papa MARTINUS
Martino Near Todi, Umbria, Byzantine Empire Feast day of 12 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 14 April.
75 10 August 654
– 1 June 657
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002295000000000000295 days)
St Eugene I
Papa EUGENIUS
Eugenio Rome  
76 30 July 657
– 27 January 672
(700114000000000000014 years, 7002181000000000000181 days)
St Vitalian
Papa VITALIANUS
  Segni, Byzantine Empire  
77 11 April 672
– 17 June 676
(70004000000000000004 years, 700167000000000000067 days)
Adeodatus II
Papa ADEODATUS Secundus
unknown
O.S.B.
Rome, Byzantine Empire Sometimes called Pope Adeodatus (without a number) in reference to Pope Adeodatus I sometimes being called Pope Deusdedit. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
78 2 November 676
– 11 April 678
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002160000000000000160 days)
Donus
Papa DONUS
  Rome, Byzantine Empire  
79 27 June 678
– 10 January 681
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002197000000000000197 days)
St Agatho
Papa AGATHO
  Sicily Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 20 February.
80 17 August 682
– 28 June 683
(315 days)
St Leo II
Papa LEO Secundus
Leo Sicily Feast day 3 July
81 26 June 684
– 8 May 685
(317 days)
St Benedict II
Papa BENEDICTUS Secundus
Benedetto Rome, Byzantine Empire Feast day 7 May
82 12 July 685
– 2 August 686
(70001000000000000001 year, 700121000000000000021 days)
John V
Papa IOANNES Quintus
  Syria  
83 21 October 686
– 22 September 687
(335 days)
Conon
Papa CONON
  Sicily  
84 15 December 687
– 8 September 701
(700113000000000000013 years, 7002267000000000000267 days)
St Sergius I
Papa SERGIUS
  Sicily  

8th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
85 30 October 701
– 11 January 705
(70003000000000000003 years, 700173000000000000073 days)
John VI
Papa IOANNES Sextus
  Greece  
86 1 March 705
– 18 October 707
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002231000000000000231 days)
John VII
Papa IOANNES Septimus
  Rossano, Calabria The second pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor.
87 15 January 708
– 4 February 708
(21 days)
Sisinnius
Papa SISINNIUS
  Syria  
88 25 March 708
– 9 April 715
(70007000000000000007 years, 700115000000000000015 days)
Constantine
Papa COSTANTINUS sive CONSTANTINUS
  Syria Last pope to visit Greece while in office, until John Paul II in 2001.
89 19 May 715
– 11 February 731
(700115000000000000015 years, 7002268000000000000268 days)
St Gregory II
Papa GREGORIUS Secundus
Gregorio Rome, Byzantine Empire Feast day 11 February. Held the Synod of Rome (721).
90 18 March 731
– 28 November 741
(700110000000000000010 years, 7002255000000000000255 days)
St Gregory III
Papa GREGORIUS Tertius
  Syria The third pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor. Was previously the last pope to have been born outside Europe until the election of Francis in 2013.
91 3 December 741
– 22 March 752
(700110000000000000010 years, 7002110000000000000110 days)
St Zachary
Papa ZACHARIAS
  Santa Severina - Calabria Feast day 15 March. Built the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva.
(never consecrated) 23 March 752
– 25 March 752
(Never took office as pope)
Pope-elect Stephen
Papa Electus STEPHANUS
    Sometimes known as Stephen II. Died three days after his election; never receiving episcopal consecration. Some lists still include him. The Vatican sanctioned his addition in the sixteenth century; removed in 1961. He is no longer considered a pope by the Catholic Church.
92 26 March 752
– 26 April 757
(70005000000000000005 years, 700131000000000000031 days)
Stephen II (Stephen III)
Papa STEPHANUS Secundus (Tertius)
  Rome Sometimes called Stephen III. The Donation of Pepin.
93 29 May 757
– 28 June 767
(700110000000000000010 years, 700130000000000000030 days)
St Paul I
Papa PAULUS
Paolo Rome  
94 7 August 767
– 24 January 772
(70004000000000000004 years, 7002170000000000000170 days)
Stephen III (Stephen IV)
Papa STEPHANUS Tertius (Quartus)
Stefano Sicily Sometimes called Stephen IV. The Lateran Council (769).
95 1 February 772
– 26 December 795
(700123000000000000023 years, 7002328000000000000328 days)
Adrian I
Papa HADRIANUS
Adriano Rome  
96 26 December 795
– 12 June 816
(700120000000000000020 years, 7002169000000000000169 days)
St Leo III
Papa LEO Tertius
Leo Rome Crowned Charlemagne Imperator Augustus on Christmas Day, 800, thereby initiating what would become the office of Holy Roman Emperor requiring the imprimatur of the pope for its legitimacy.

9th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at election / death or resigned # years as pope Notes
97 12 June 816
– 24 January 817
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002226000000000000226 days)
Stephen IV (Stephen V)
Papa STEPHANUS Quartus (Quintus)
Stephanus Rome   <1 Sometimes called Stephen V.
98 25 January 817
– 11 February 824
(70007000000000000007 years, 700117000000000000017 days)
St Paschal I
Papa PASCHALIS
Pasquale Rome   7 Credited with finding the body of Saint Cecilia in the Catacomb of Callixtus, building the basilica of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere and the church of Santa Maria in Domnica.
99 8 May 824
– August 27 827
(70003000000000000003 years, 7002111000000000000111 days)
Eugene II
Papa EUGENIUS Secundus
Eugenio Rome   3  
100 31 August 827
– 10 October 827
(50000000000000000000 years, 700140000000000000040 days)
Valentine
Papa VALENTINUS
Valentino Rome   <1  
101 December 827
– 25 January 844
(17 years+)
Gregory IV
Papa GREGORIUS Quartus
Gregorio Rome   17 Rebuilt the atrium of St. Peter’s Basilica and in the newly decorated chapel transferred the body of Gregory I.
102 25 January 844
– 7 January 847
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002347000000000000347 days)
Sergius II
Papa SERGIUS Secundus
  Rome   3  
103 27 January 847
– 17 July 855
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002171000000000000171 days)
St Leo IV
Papa LEO Quartus
Leo
O.S.B.
Rome   8 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
104 29 July 855
– 7 April 858
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002252000000000000252 days)
Benedict III
Papa BENEDICTUS Tertius
Benedetto Rome      
105 24 April 858
– 13 November 867
(70009000000000000009 years, 7002203000000000000203 days)
St Nicholas I
(Nicholas the Great)
Papa NICOLAUS MAGNUS
Niccolò Rome   9  
106 14 December 867
– 14 December 872
(70005000000000000005 years, 50000000000000000000 days)
Adrian II
Papa HADRIANUS Secundus
Adriano Rome   5  
107 14 December 872
– 16 December 882
(10 years, 2 days)
John VIII
Papa IOANNES Octavus
Giovanni Rome   10  
108 16 December 882
– 15 May 884
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002151000000000000151 days)
Marinus I
Papa MARINUS
Marino Gallese, Rome   1  
109 17 May 884
– July 885
(1 year+)
St Adrian III
Papa HADRIANUS Tertius
Adriano Rome      
110 September 885
– 14 September 891
(4 years+)
Stephen V (Stephen VI)
Papa STEPHANUS Quintus (Sextus)
Stefano Rome     Sometimes called Stephen VI.
111 19 September 891
– 4 April 896
(70004000000000000004 years, 7002198000000000000198 days)
Formosus
Papa FORMOSUS
Formoso Ostia   4 Posthumously ritually executed following the Cadaver Synod.
112 4 April 896
– 19 April 896
(15 days)
Boniface VI
Papa BONIFATIUS Sextus
Bonifacio Rome   <1  
113 22 May 896
– 14 August 897
(70001000000000000001 year, 700184000000000000084 days)
Stephen VI (Stephen VII)
Papa STEPHANUS Sextus (Septimus)
Stefano Rome   1 Sometimes called Stephen VII. Held the infamous Cadaver Synod.
114 August 897 – November 897 Romanus
Papa ROMANUS
Romano Gallese, Rome   <1  
115 December 897 - 20 December 897 Theodore II
Papa THEODORUS Secundus
Teodoro Rome   <1  
116 January 898
– January 900
(2 years+)
John IX
Papa IOANNES Nonus
Giovanni
O.S.B.
Tivoli     Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
117 1 February 900
– July 903
(3 years+)
Benedict IV
Papa BENEDICTUS Quartus
Benedetto Rome      

10th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at election / death or resigned # years as pope Notes
118 July 903 – September 903 Leo V
Papa LEO Quintus
Leo Ardea   <1  
119 29 January 904
– 14 April 911
(70007000000000000007 years, 700175000000000000075 days)
Sergius III
Papa SERGIUS Tertius
Sergio Rome   7 "Saeculum obscurum" begins. The first pope to be depicted with the Papal Tiara.
120 April 911 – June 913 Anastasius III
Papa ANASTASIUS Tertius
  Rome   2  
121 July/August 913 – 25 February 914 Lando
Papa LANDUS
Lando Sabina   <1  
122 March 914 – May 928 John X
Papa IOANNES Decimus
Giovanni Romagna   14  
123 June 928 – February 929 Leo VI
Papa LEO Sextus
Leo Rome   <1  
124 February 929 – 15 March 931 Stephen VII (Stephen VIII)
Papa STEPHANUS Septimus (Octavus)
Stefano Rome   2 Sometimes called Stephen VIII.
125 February/March 931 – December 935 John XI
Papa IOANNES Undecimus
Giovanni Rome   4  
126 3 January 936
– 13 July 939
(70003000000000000003 years, 7002191000000000000191 days)
Leo VII
Papa LEO Septimus
Leo
O.S.B.
Rome   3 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
127 14 July 939 – October 942 Stephen VIII (Stephen IX)
Papa STEPHANUS Octavus (Nonus)
Stephan Rome   3 Sometimes called Stephen IX.
128 30 October 942
– 10 May 946
(70003000000000000003 years, 7002192000000000000192 days)
Marinus II
Papa MARINUS Secundus
Marino Rome   3  
129 10 May 946
– 8 December 955
(70009000000000000009 years, 7002212000000000000212 days)
Agapetus II
Papa AGAPITUS Secundus
Agapito Rome   9  
130 16 December 955
– 14 May 964
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002150000000000000150 days)
John XII
Papa IOANNES Duodecimus
Octavian Rome   8 Deposed in 963 by Emperor Otto invalidly; end of the "Saeculum obscurum".
131 22 May 964
– 23 June 964
(50000000000000000000 years, 700132000000000000032 days)
Benedict V
Papa BENEDICTUS Quintus
  Rome   <1 Elected by the people of Rome, in opposition to the Antipope Leo VIII who was appointed by Emperor Otto; he accepted his own deposition in 964 leaving Leo VIII as the sole pope.
132 July 964 – 1 March 965 Leo VIII
Papa LEO Octavus
  Rome   <1 Appointed antipope by Emperor Otto in 963 in opposition to John XII and Benedict V. He became the true pope after Benedict V was deposed.
133 1 October 965
– 6 September 972
(70006000000000000006 years, 7002341000000000000341 days)
John XIII
Papa IOANNES Tertius Decimus
  Rome Chronicled after his death as "the Good". 6  
134 19 January 973
– June 974
(1 year+)
Benedict VI
Papa BENEDICTUS Sextus
  Rome, Papal States   1 Deposed and murdered.
135 October 974 – 10 July 983 Benedict VII
Papa BENEDICTUS Septimus
  Rome   8  
136 December 983 – 20 August 984 John XIV
Papa IOANNES Quartus Decimus
Pietro Campanora Pavia   <1  
137 August 985
– March 996
(8 years+)
John XV
Papa IOANNES Quintus Decimus
John Rome   10  
138 3 May 996
– 18 February 999
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002291000000000000291 days)
Gregory V
Papa GREGORIUS Quintus
Bruno of Carinthia Germany, Holy Roman Empire   2 First German Pope
139 2 April 999
– 12 May 1003
(70004000000000000004 years, 700140000000000000040 days)
Sylvester II
Papa SILVESTER Secundus
Gerbert d'Aurillac Auvergne region of France   4 The first French pope.

11th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
140 June 1003
– 6 December 1003
John XVII
Papa IOANNES Septimus Decimus
Siccone Rome, Papal States  
141 25 December 1003
– July 1009
(5 years+)
John XVIII
Papa IOANNES Duodevicesimus
Giovanni Fasano; Phasianus Rapagnano, Papal States  
142 31 July 1009
– 12 May 1012
(2 years, 286 days)
Sergius IV
Papa SERGIUS Quartus
Pietro Boccapecora Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
143 18 May 1012
– 9 April 1024
(11 years, 327 days)
Benedict VIII
Papa BENEDICTUS Octavus
Theophylactus II, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
144 April/May 1024
– 20 October 1032
(8 years+)
John XIX
Papa IOANNES Undevicesimus
Romanus, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
145 20 October 1032 – 31 December 1044

(12 years, 72 days)

Benedict IX
Papa BENEDICTUS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire 1st Term
146 1 January 1045 - 31 March 1045

(0 years, 89 days)

Sylvester III
Papa SILVESTER Tertius
John, Bishop of Sabina Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Validity of election questioned; considered Anti-Pope; deposed at the Council of Sutri.
147 1 April 1045 – 10 November 1045

(0 years, 223 days)

Benedict IX
Papa BENEDICTUS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire 2nd Term; deposed at the Council of Sutri
148 10 November 1045– 23 December 1046

(1 year, 43 days)

Gregory VI
Papa GREGORIUS Sextus,
Johannes Gratianus Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Deposed at the Council of Sutri
149 24 December 1046
– 9 October 1047

(0 years, 289 days)

Clement II
Papa CLEMENS Secundus
Suidger Hornburg, Duchy of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire Appointed by Henry III at the Council of Sutri; crowned Henry III as Holy Roman Emperor.
150 November 1047 – 17 July 1048 Benedict IX
Papa BENEDICTUS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire 3rd Term; deposed and excommunicated
151 17 July 1048
– 9 August 1048
(0 years, 23 days)
Damasus II
Papa DAMASUS Secundus
Poppo Pildenau, Duchy of Bavaria, Holy Roman Empire  
152 12 February 1049
– 19 April 1054
(5 years, 66 days)
St Leo IX
Papa LEO Nonus
Bruno, Count of Dagsbourg Eguisheim, Swabia, Holy Roman Empire In 1054, mutual excommunications of Leo IX and Patriarch of Constantinople Michael I Cerularius began the East–West Schism. The anathematizations were rescinded by Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras in 1965.
153 13 April 1055
– 28 July 1057
(2 years, 106 days)
Victor II
Papa VICTOR Secundus
Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and Hirschberg Kingdom of Germany, Holy Roman Empire  
154 2 August 1057
– 29 March 1058
(0 years, 241 days)
Stephen IX (Stephen X)
Papa STEPHANUS Nonus (Decimus)
Frédéric de Lorraine, O.S.B. Duchy of Lorraine, Holy Roman Empire Sometimes called Stephen X. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
155 6 December 1058
– 27 July 1061
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002233000000000000233 days)
Nicholas II
Papa NICOLAUS Secundus
Gérard de Bourgogne Château de Chevron, Kingdom of Arles In 1059 the College of Cardinals was designated the sole body of pope electors in he document In nomine Domini. (Papal conclave).
156 30 September 1061
– 21 April 1073
(700111000000000000011 years, 7002203000000000000203 days)
Alexander II
Papa ALEXANDER Secundus
Anselmo da Baggio Milan, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Authorised the Norman conquest of England in 1066.
157 22 April 1073
– 25 May 1085
(700112000000000000012 years, 700133000000000000033 days)
St Gregory VII
Papa GREGORIUS Septimus
Hildebrand
O.S.B.
Sovana, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Initiated the Gregorian Reforms. Restricted the use of the title "Papa" to the Bishop of Rome. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Political struggle with German Emperor Henry IV, who had to go to Canossa (1077).
158 24 May 1086
– 16 September 1087
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002115000000000000115 days)
Bl. Victor III
Papa VICTOR Tertius
Desiderio; Desiderius; Dauferius
O.S.B.
Benevento, Duchy of Benevento Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
159 12 March 1088
– 29 July 1099
(700111000000000000011 years, 7002139000000000000139 days)
Bl. Urban II
Papa URBANUS Secundus
Odo of Lagery, O.S.B. Lagery, County of Champagne, France Preached and started the First Crusade. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
160 13 August 1099
– 21 January 1118
(700118000000000000018 years, 7002161000000000000161 days)
Paschal II
Papa PASCHALIS Secundus
Raniero
O.S.B.
Bleda, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Ordered the building of the basilica of Santi Quattro Coronati.

12th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
161 24 January 1118
– 28 January 1119
(70001000000000000001 year, 70004000000000000004 days)
Gelasius II
Papa GELASIUS Secundus
Giovanni Coniulo, O.S.B. Gaeta, Principality of Capua Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
162 2 February 1119
– 13 December 1124
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002315000000000000315 days)
Bl. Callixtus II
Papa CALLISTUS Secundus
Guido, Comte de Bourgogne Quingey, County of Burgundy, Holy Roman Empire Opened the First Council of the Lateran in 1123
163 15 December 1124
– 13 February 1130
(70005000000000000005 years, 700160000000000000060 days)
Honorius II
Papa HONORIUS Secundus
Lamberto Scannabecchi, Can.Reg. Fiagnano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of S. Maria di San Reno. Approved the new military order of the Knights Templar in 1128.
164 14 February 1130
– 24 September 1143
(700113000000000000013 years, 7002222000000000000222 days)
Innocent II
Papa INNOCENTIUS Secundus
Gregorio Papareschi, Can.Reg. Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of Lateran; Convened the Second Council of the Lateran, 1139
165 26 September 1143
– 8 March 1144
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002164000000000000164 days)
Celestine II
Papa COELESTINUS Secundus
Guido Città di Castello, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
166 12 March 1144
– 15 February 1145
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002340000000000000340 days)
Lucius II
Papa LUCIUS Secundus
Gerardo Caccianemici dal Orso, Can.Reg. Bologna, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of S. Frediano di Lucca
167 15 February 1145
– 8 July 1153
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002143000000000000143 days)
Bl. Eugene III
Papa EUGENIUS Tertius
Bernardo da Pisa, O.Cist. Pisa, Republic of Pisa, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Order of Cistercians. Announced the Second Crusade.
168 8 July 1153
– 3 December 1154
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002148000000000000148 days)
Anastasius IV
Papa ANASTASIUS Quartus
Corrado Demetri della Suburra Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
169 4 December 1154
– 1 September 1159
(70004000000000000004 years, 7002271000000000000271 days)
Adrian IV
Papa HADRIANUS Quartus
Nicholas Breakspear, Can.Reg. Abbots Langley, Hertfordshire, Kingdom of England First and only English pope; purportedly granted Ireland to Henry II, King of England. Canon Regular of St. Rufus Monastery .
170 7 September 1159
– 30 August 1181
(700121000000000000021 years, 7002357000000000000357 days)
Alexander III
Papa ALEXANDER Tertius
Rolando Siena, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Third Council of the Lateran, 1179
171 1 September 1181
– 25 November 1185
(70004000000000000004 years, 700185000000000000085 days)
Lucius III
Papa LUCIUS Tertius
Ubaldo Lucca, Italy, Holy Roman Empire  
172 25 November 1185
– 19 October 1187
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002328000000000000328 days)
Urban III
Papa URBANUS Tertius
Uberto Crivelli Cuggiono, Italy, Holy Roman Empire  
173 21 October 1187
– 17 December 1187
(50000000000000000000 years, 700157000000000000057 days)
Gregory VIII
Papa GREGORIUS Octavus
Alberto di Morra, Can.Reg. Benevento, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular Premostratense. Proposed the Third Crusade
174 19 December 1187
– 20 March 1191
(70003000000000000003 years, 700191000000000000091 days)
Clement III
Papa CLEMENS Tertius
Paolo Scolari Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
175 21 March 1191
– 8 January 1198
(70006000000000000006 years, 7002293000000000000293 days)
Celestine III
Papa COELESTINUS Tertius
Giacinto Bobone Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
176 8 January 1198
– 16 July 1216
(700118000000000000018 years, 7002190000000000000190 days)
Innocent III
Papa INNOCENTIUS Tertius
Lothario dei Conti di Segni Gavignano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Fourth Council of the Lateran, 1215. Initiated the Fourth Crusade, yet later distanced himself from it, and threatened any participants with excommunication, when it became clear that the leadership of the Crusade was abandoning a focus on capturing the Holy Land, and instead intended to sack Christian Cities.

13th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
177 18 July 1216
– 18 March 1227
(700110000000000000010 years, 7002243000000000000243 days)
Honorius III
Papa HONORIUS Tertius
Cencio Savelli Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Initiated the Fifth Crusade.
178 19 March 1227
– 22 August 1241
(700114000000000000014 years, 7002156000000000000156 days)
Gregory IX
Papa GREGORIUS Nonus
Ugolino dei Conti di Segni, O.F.S Anagni, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canonized Elisabeth of Hungary, 1235. Initiated the Inquisition in France.
179 25 October 1241
– 10 November 1241
(50000000000000000000 years, 700116000000000000016 days)
Celestine IV
Papa COELESTINUS Quartus
Goffredo Castiglioni Milan, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Died before coronation.
180 25 June 1243
– 7 December 1254
(700111000000000000011 years, 7002165000000000000165 days)
Innocent IV
Papa INNOCENTIUS Quartus
Sinibaldo Fieschi Genoa, Republic of Genoa, Holy Roman Empire Convened the First Council of Lyons (1245).
181 12 December 1254
– 25 May 1261
(70006000000000000006 years, 7002164000000000000164 days)
Alexander IV
Papa ALEXANDER Quartus
Rinaldo dei Conti di Jenne Jenne, Papal States Established an Inquisition in France.
182 29 August 1261
– 2 October 1264
(70003000000000000003 years, 700134000000000000034 days)
Urban IV
Papa URBANUS Quartus
Jacques Pantaléon Troyes, County of Champagne, France Instituted the feast of Corpus Christi (1264).
183 5 February 1265
– 29 November 1268
(70003000000000000003 years, 7002298000000000000298 days)
Clement IV
Papa CLEMENS Quartus
Gui Faucoi Saint-Gilles, Languedoc, France  
N/A 29 November 1268
– 1 September 1271
Interregnum Almost 3 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
184 1 September 1271
– 10 January 1276
(70004000000000000004 years, 7002131000000000000131 days)
Bl. Gregory X
Papa GREGORIUS Decimus
Tebaldo Visconti, O.F.S Piacenza, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Second Council of Lyons (1274).
185 21 January 1276
– 22 June 1276
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002153000000000000153 days)
Bl. Innocent V
Papa INNOCENTIUS Quintus
Pierre de Tarentaise, O.P. County of Savoy, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Dominican Order.
186 11 July 1276
– 18 August 1276
(50000000000000000000 years, 700138000000000000038 days)
Adrian V
Papa HADRIANUS Quintus
Ottobuono Fieschi Genoa, Republic of Genoa, Holy Roman Empire  
187 8 September 1276
– 20 May 1277
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002254000000000000254 days)
John XXI
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Primus
Pedro Julião (a.k.a. Petrus Hispanus and Pedro Hispano) Lisbon, Portugal Due to a confusion over the numbering of popes named John in the 13th century, there was no John XX. There has never been a John XX, because the 20th pope of this name formerly when elected, decided to skip the number XX and be counted as John XXI instead. He wanted to correct what in his time was believed to be an error in the counting of his predecessors John XV to XIX
188 25 November 1277
– 22 August 1280
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002271000000000000271 days)
Nicholas III
Papa NICOLAUS Tertius
Giovanni Gaetano Orsini Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
189 22 February 1281
– 28 March 1285
(70004000000000000004 years, 700134000000000000034 days)
Martin IV
Papa MARTINUS Quartus
Simon de Brion Meinpicien, Touraine, France  
190 2 April 1285
– 3 April 1287
(70002000000000000002 years, 70001000000000000001 day)
Honorius IV
Papa HONORIUS Quartus
Giacomo Savelli Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
191 22 February 1288
– 4 April 1292
(70004000000000000004 years, 700142000000000000042 days)
Nicholas IV
Papa NICOLAUS Quartus
Girolamo Masci, O.F.M. Lisciano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Franciscan Order.
N/A 4 April 1292
– 5 July 1294
Interregnum 2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
192 5 July 1294
– 13 December 1294
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002161000000000000161 days)
St Celestine V
Papa COELESTINUS Quintus
Pietro da Morrone, O.S.B. Sant'Angelo Limosano, Kingdom of Sicily One of the few popes who resigned. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Founded the Celestines.
193 24 December 1294
– 11 October 1303
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002291000000000000291 days)
Boniface VIII
Papa BONIFATIUS Octavus
Benedetto Caetani Anagni, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Formalized the Jubilee in 1300. Issued the 1302 bull, Unam Sanctam, which proclaimed papal supremacy and pushing it to its historical extreme.

14th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
194 22 October 1303
– 7 July 1304
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002259000000000000259 days)
Bl. Benedict XI
Papa BENEDICTUS Undecimus
Niccolò Boccasini, O.P. Treviso Member of the Dominican Order. Reverted Unam Sanctam.
195 5 June 1305
– 20 April 1314
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002319000000000000319 days)
Clement V
Papa CLEMENS Quintus
Bertrand de Got Villandraut, Gascony, France Pope at Avignon. Convened the Council of Vienne (1311–1312). Initiated the persecution of the Knights Templar with the bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae under pressure from King Philip IV of France.
N/A 20 April 1314
– 7 August 1316
Interregnum 2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
196 7 August 1316
– 4 December 1334
(700118000000000000018 years, 7002119000000000000119 days)
John XXII
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Secundus
Jacques d'Euse; Jacques Duèse Cahors, Quercy, France Pope at Avignon. Controversial for his views on the Beatific Vision.
197 20 December 1334
– 25 April 1342
(70007000000000000007 years, 7002126000000000000126 days)
Benedict XII
Papa BENEDICTUS Duodecimus
Jacques Fournier, O.Cist. Saverdun, County of Foix, France Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Cistercians. Known for issuing the Apostolic constitution Benedictus Deus (1336).
198 7 May 1342
– 6 December 1352
(700110000000000000010 years, 7002213000000000000213 days)
Clement VI
Papa CLEMENS Sextus
Pierre Roger, O.S.B. Maumont, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon. Reigned during the Black Death and absolved those who died of it of their sins.
199 18 December 1352
– 12 September 1362
(70009000000000000009 years, 7002268000000000000268 days)
Innocent VI
Papa INNOCENTIUS Sextus
Étienne Aubert Les Monts, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon.
200 28 September 1362
– 19 December 1370
(70008000000000000008 years, 700182000000000000082 days)
Bl. Urban V
Papa URBANUS Quintus
Guillaume (de) Grimoard, O.S.B. Grizac, Languedoc, France Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
201 30 December 1370
– 27 March 1378
(70007000000000000007 years, 700187000000000000087 days)
Gregory XI
Papa GREGORIUS Undecimus
Pierre Roger de Beaufort Maumont, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon; returns to Rome. The last French pope.
202 8 April 1378
– 15 October 1389
(700111000000000000011 years, 7002190000000000000190 days)
Urban VI
Papa URBANUS Sextus
Bartolomeo Prignano Naples, Kingdom of Naples Western Schism. Last pontiff to be elected outside the College of Cardinals.
203 2 November 1389
– 1 October 1404
(700114000000000000014 years, 7002334000000000000334 days)
Boniface IX
Papa BONIFATIUS Nonus
Pietro Tomacelli Naples, Kingdom of Naples Western Schism

15th century

  • R This pope resigned his office.
  • B The exact birth date of Innocent VIII and almost all popes prior to Eugene IV is unknown, therefore the lowest probable age has been assumed for this table.
Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
204 17 October 1404
– 6 November 1406
(70002000000000000002 years, 700120000000000000020 days)
Innocent VII
Papa INNOCENTIUS Septimus
Cosimo Gentile Migliorati Sulmona, Kingdom of Naples 65 / 67 [B] Western Schism
205 30 November 1406
– 4 July 1415
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002216000000000000216 days)
Gregory XII
Papa GREGORIUS Duodecimus
Angelo Correr Venice, Republic of Venice [R] Western Schism; abdicated during the Council of Constance, which had been called by his opponent John XXIII.
N/A 4 July 1415
– 11 November 1417
Interregnum Two-year period without a valid pope elected.
206 11 November 1417
– 20 February 1431
(700113000000000000013 years, 7002101000000000000101 days)
Martin V
Papa MARTINUS Quintus
Oddone Colonna, O.F.S Genazzano, Papal States 48 / 62 Convened the Council of Basel (1431). Initiated the Hussite Wars.
207 3 March 1431
– 23 February 1447
(700115000000000000015 years, 7002357000000000000357 days)
Eugene IV
Papa EUGENIUS Quartus
Gabriele Condulmer, O.S.A. Venice, Republic of Venice 47 / 63 [B] Member of the Augustinian Order. Crowned Sigismund emperor at Rome in 1433. Transferred the Council of Basel to Ferrara. It was later transferred again, to Florence, because of the Bubonic plague.
208 6 March 1447
– 24 March 1455
(70008000000000000008 years, 700118000000000000018 days)
Nicholas V
Papa NICOLAUS Quintus
Tommaso Parentucelli, O.P. Sarzana, Republic of Genoa 49 / 57 Member of the Dominican Order. Held the Jubilee of 1450. Crowned Frederick III emperor at Rome (1452). Created a library in the Vatican which would eventually become the Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana.
209 8 April 1455
– 6 August 1458
(70003000000000000003 years, 7002120000000000000120 days)
Callixtus III
Papa CALLISTUS Tertius
Alfonso de Borgia Xàtiva, Kingdom of Valencia, Crown of Aragon 76 / 79 The first Spanish pope. Ordered the Feast of the Transfiguration to be celebrated on 6 August. Ordered the retrial of Joan of Arc, in which she was vindicated.
210 19 August 1458
– 15 August 1464
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002362000000000000362 days)
Pius II
Papa PIUS Secundus
Enea Silvio Piccolomini Corsignano, Republic of Siena 52 / 58 Displayed a great interest in urban planning. Founded Pienza near Siena as the ideal city in 1462. Known for his work on the Commentaries.
211 30 August 1464
– 26 July 1471
(70006000000000000006 years, 7002330000000000000330 days)
Paul II
Papa PAULUS Secundus
Pietro Barbo Venice, Republic of Venice 47 / 54 The nephew of Eugene IV. Built the Palazzo San Marco (now Palazzo Venezia). Approved the introduction of printing in the Papal States.
212 9 August 1471
– 12 August 1484
(700113000000000000013 years, 70003000000000000003 days)
Sixtus IV
Papa XYSTUS Quartus
Francesco della Rovere, O.F.M. Celle Ligure, Republic of Genoa 57 / 70 Member of the Franciscan Order. Commissioned the Sistine Chapel. Authorized an Inquisition targeting converted Jewish Christians in Spain at the request of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand.
213 29 August 1484
– 25 July 1492
(70007000000000000007 years, 7002331000000000000331 days)
Innocent VIII
Papa INNOCENTIUS Octavus
Giovanni Battista Cybo Genoa, Republic of Genoa 51 / 59 [B] Appointed Tomás de Torquemada. Endorsed the prosecution of witchcraft in the bull Summis desiderantes affectibus (1484).
214 11 August 1492
– 18 August 1503
(700111000000000000011 years, 70007000000000000007 days)
Alexander VI
Papa ALEXANDER Sextus
Rodrigo de Lanzol-Borgia Xàtiva, Kingdom of Valencia, Crown of Aragon 61 / 72 Nephew of Callixtus III; father to Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia. Divided the extra-European world between Spain and Portugal in the bull Inter caetera (1493). No Alexander V due to Antipope Alexander V.

16th–20th centuries

16th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
215 22 September 1503
– 18 October 1503
(50000000000000000000 years, 700126000000000000026 days)
Pius III
Papa PIUS Tertius
Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini Siena, Republic of Siena 64 / 64 Nephew of Pius II. Founded the Piccolomini Library adjourning the Siena Cathedral.
216 31 October 1503
– 21 February 1513
(70009000000000000009 years, 7002113000000000000113 days)
Julius II
Papa IULIUS Secundus
Giuliano della Rovere, O.F.M. Albisola, Republic of Genoa 59 / 69 Nephew of Sixtus IV; convened the Fifth Council of the Lateran (1512). Took control of all the Papal States for the first time. Commissioned Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel ceiling. Proposed plans for rebuilding St Peter's Basilica.
217 9 March 1513
– 1 December 1521
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002267000000000000267 days)
Leo X
Papa LEO Decimus
Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici Florence, Republic of Florence 37 / 45 Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent. Closed the Fifth Council of the Lateran. Remembered for granting indulgences to those who donated to rebuild St. Peter's Basilica; excommunicated Martin Luther (1521). Extended the Spanish Inquisition into Portugal.
218 9 January 1522
– 14 September 1523
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002248000000000000248 days)
Adrian VI
Papa HADRIANUS Sextus

Patere et sustine
("Respect and wait")

Adriaan Floriszoon Boeyens Utrecht, Bishopric of Utrecht, Holy Roman Empire (now Netherlands) 62 / 64 The only Dutch pope; last non-Italian to be elected pope until John Paul II in 1978. Tutor of Emperor Charles V.
219 26 November 1523
– 25 September 1534
(700110000000000000010 years, 7002303000000000000303 days)
Clement VII
Papa CLEMENS Septimus

Candor illæsus
("He without injury")

Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici Florence, Republic of Florence 45 / 56 Cousin of Leo X. Rome plundered by imperial troops (1527). Forbade the divorce of Henry VIII; crowned Charles V as emperor at Bologna (1530). His niece was married to the future Henry II of France. Ordered Michelangelo's painting of The Last Judgment in the Sistine Chapel.
220 13 October 1534
– 10 November 1549
(700115000000000000015 years, 700128000000000000028 days)
Paul III
Papa PAULUS Tertius
Alessandro Farnese Canino, Lazio, Papal States 66 / 81 Opened the Council of Trent (1545). His illegitimate son became the first Duke of Parma. Decreed the second and final excommunication of Henry VIII. Appointed Michelangelo to supervise construction of St. Peter's Basilica (1546).
221 7 February 1550
– 29 March 1555
(70005000000000000005 years, 700150000000000000050 days)
Julius III
Papa IULIUS Tertius
Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte Rome, Lazio, Papal States 62 / 67 Established the Collegium Germanicum (1552). Reconvened the Council of Trent.
222 9 April 1555
– 1 May 1555
(0 years, 22 days)
Marcellus II
Papa MARCELLUS Secundus
Marcello Cervini degli Spannochi Montefano, Marche, Papal States 53 / 53 The last to use his birth name as the regnal name. Instituted immediate economies in Vatican expenditures.
223 23 May 1555
– 18 August 1559
(70004000000000000004 years, 700187000000000000087 days)
Paul IV
Papa PAULUS Quartus

Dominus mihi adjutor
("The Lord is my helper")

Giovanni Pietro Carafa, C.R. Capriglia Irpina, Campania, Kingdom of Naples 78 / 83 Member of the Theatines. Established the Roman Ghetto in Cum Nimis Absurdum (1555). Ordered Michelangelo to repaint the nudes of The Last Judgment more modestly.
224 26 December 1559
– 9 December 1565
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002348000000000000348 days)
Pius IV
Papa PIUS Quartus
Giovanni Angelo Medici Milan, Duchy of Milan 60 / 66 Reopened and closed the Council of Trent. Ordered public construction to improve the water supply of Rome. Instituted the Tridentine Creed.
225 7 January 1566
– 1 May 1572
(70006000000000000006 years, 7002115000000000000115 days)
St Pius V
Papa PIUS Quintus

Utinam dirigantur viæ meæ ad custodiendas
("It binds us to keep")

Antonio Ghislieri, O.P. Bosco, Piedmont, Duchy of Milan 61 / 68 Member of the Dominican Order. Excommunicated Elizabeth I (1570). Battle of Lepanto (1571); instituted the feast of Our Lady of Victory. Issued the 1570 Roman Missal.
226 13 May 1572
– 10 April 1585
(700112000000000000012 years, 7002332000000000000332 days)
Gregory XIII
Papa GREGORIUS Tertius Decimus
Ugo Boncompagni Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Papal States 70 / 83 Reformed the calendar (1582); built the Gregorian Chapel in the Vatican. The first pope to bestow the Immaculate Conception as Patroness to the Philippine Islands through the bull Ilius Fulti Præsido (1579).
227 24 April 1585
– 27 August 1590
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002125000000000000125 days)
Sixtus V
Papa XYSTUS Quintus
Felice Peretti di Montalto, O.F.M. Conv. Grottammare, Marche, Papal States 63 / 68 Member of the Conventual Franciscan Order. Known for fixing and completing building works to major basilicas in Rome. Limited the College of Cardinals to only 70 in number.
228 15 September 1590
– 27 September 1590
(50000000000000000000 years, 700112000000000000012 days)
Urban VII
Papa URBANUS Septimus
Giovanni Battista Castagna Rome, Lazio, Papal States 69 / 69 Shortest-reigning pope; died before coronation. Set the worldwide smoking ban.
229 5 December 1590
– 16 October 1591
(0 years, 315 days)
Gregory XIV
Papa GREGORIUS Quartus Decimus
Niccolò Sfondrati Somma Lombardo, Lombardy, Duchy of Milan 55 / 56 Modified the constitution Effraenatam of Sixtus V so that the penalty for abortion did not apply until the foetus became animated (1591).
230 29 October 1591
– 30 December 1591
(50000000000000000000 years, 700162000000000000062 days)
Innocent IX
Papa INNOCENTIUS Nonus
Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Papal States 72 / 72 Supported the cause of Philip II and the Catholic League against Henry IV in the French Wars of Religion. Prohibited the alienation of church property.
231 30 January 1592
– 3 March 1605
(700113000000000000013 years, 700132000000000000032 days)
Clement VIII
Papa CLEMENS Octavus
Ippolito Aldobrandini Fano, Marche, Papal States 55 / 69 Convened the Congregatio de Auxiliis which addressed doctrinal disputes between the Dominicans and Jesuits regarding free will and divine grace.

17th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
232 1 April 1605
– 27 April 1605
(50000000000000000000 years, 700126000000000000026 days)
Leo XI
Papa LEO Undecimus
Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici Florence, Duchy of Florence 69 / 69 The nephew of Leo X. Called "Papa Lampo" (Lightning Pope) for his brief pontificate.
233 16 May 1605
– 28 January 1621
(700115000000000000015 years, 7002257000000000000257 days)
Paul V
Papa PAULUS Quintus

Absit nisi in te gloriari
("Far, but in your glory")

Camillo Borghese Rome, Lazio, Papal States 52 / 68 Known for various building projects which included the facade of St Peter's Basilica. Established the Bank of the Holy Spirit (1605); restored the Aqua Traiana.
234 9 February 1621
– 8 July 1623
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002149000000000000149 days)
Gregory XV
Papa GREGORIUS Quintus Decimus
Alessandro Ludovisi Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Papal States 67 / 69 Established the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith (1622). Issued the bull Aeterni Patris (1621) which imposed conclaves to be by secret ballot. Issued the constitution Omnipotentis Dei against magicians and witches (1623).
235 6 August 1623
– 29 July 1644
(700120000000000000020 years, 7002358000000000000358 days)
Urban VIII
Papa URBANUS Octavus
Maffeo Barberini Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 55 / 76 Trial against Galileo Galilei. The last pope to expand papal territory by force of arms. Issued a 1624 bull that made the use of tobacco in holy places punishable by excommunication.
236 15 September 1644
– 7 January 1655
(700110000000000000010 years, 7002114000000000000114 days)
Innocent X
Papa INNOCENTIUS Decimus
Giovanni Battista Pamphilj Rome, Lazio, Papal States 70 / 80 The great-great-great-grandson of Alexander VI. Erected the Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi in Piazza Navona. Issued the bull Cum occasione (1653) which condemned five doctrines of Jansenism as heresy.
237 7 April 1655
– 22 May 1667
(700112000000000000012 years, 700145000000000000045 days)
Alexander VII
Papa ALEXANDER Septimus

Montium custos
("Mountain guardian")

Fabio Chigi Siena, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 56 / 68 Great-nephew of Paul V. Commissioned St. Peter's Square. Issued the constitution Sollicitudo Omnium Ecclesiarum that set the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception almost identical to that of Pius IX centuries later.
238 20 June 1667
– 9 December 1669
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002172000000000000172 days)
Clement IX
Papa CLEMENS Nonus
Giulio Rospigliosi Pistoia, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 67 / 69 Commissioned the colonnade of St. Peter's Square. Mediated in the peace of Aachen (1668).
239 29 April 1670
– 22 July 1676
(70006000000000000006 years, 700184000000000000084 days)
Clement X
Papa CLEMENS Decimus
Emilio Bonaventura Altieri Rome, Lazio, Papal States 79 / 86 Canonized the first saint from the Americas, Saint Rose of Lima (1671). Decorated the bridge of Sant' Angelo with the ten statues of angels; two fountains that adorn the piazza of St. Peter's near the tribune.
240 21 September 1676
– 12 August 1689
(12 years, 325 days)
Bl. Innocent XI
Papa INNOCENTIUS Undecimus
Benedetto Odescalchi Como, Lombardy, Duchy of Milan 65 / 78 Believed to have secretly funded William III's Glorious Revolution to overthrow James II. Condemned the doctrine of mental reservation (1679).
241 6 October 1689
– 1 February 1691
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002118000000000000118 days)
Alexander VIII
Papa ALEXANDER Octavus
Pietro Vito Ottoboni Venice, Republic of Venice 79 / 80 Condemned the so-called philosophical sin (1690).
242 12 July 1691
– 27 September 1700
(70009000000000000009 years, 700177000000000000077 days)
Innocent XII
Papa INNOCENTIUS Duodecimus
Antonio Pignatelli, O.F.S Spinazzola, Apulia, Kingdom of Naples 76 / 85 Issued the bull Romanum decet Pontificem to stop nepotism (1692). Erected various charitable and educational institutions.

18th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
243 23 November 1700
– 19 March 1721
(700120000000000000020 years, 7002116000000000000116 days)
Clement XI
Papa CLEMENS Undecimus
Giovanni Francesco Albani Urbino, Marche, Papal States 51 / 71 The Chinese Rites controversy. The last pope with Albanian origin. Patronised the first archaeological excavations in the Roman catacombs.
244 8 May 1721
– 7 March 1724
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002304000000000000304 days)
Innocent XIII
Papa INNOCENTIUS Tertius Decimus
Michelangelo dei Conti Poli, Lazio, Papal States 65 / 68 Prohibited the Jesuits from prosecuting their mission in China ordering that no new members should be received into the order.
245 29 May 1724
– 21 February 1730
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002268000000000000268 days)
Servant of God Benedict XIII
Papa BENEDICTUS Tertius Decimus
Pietro Francesco Orsini, O.P. Gravina in Puglia, Kingdom of Naples 75 / 81 Member of the Dominican Order; third and last member of the Orsini family to be pope. Originally called Benedict XIV due to the antipope but reverted to XIII. Repealed the worldwide smoking ban set by Urban VII.
246 12 July 1730
– 6 February 1740
(70009000000000000009 years, 7002209000000000000209 days)
Clement XII
Papa CLEMENS Duodecimus
Lorenzo Corsini, O.F.S Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 78 / 87 Completed the new façade of the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran (1735). Commissioned the Trevi Fountain (1732). Condemned Freemasonry in In Eminenti (1738).
247 17 August 1740
– 3 May 1758
(700117000000000000017 years, 7002259000000000000259 days)
Benedict XIV
Papa BENEDICTUS Quartus Decimus
Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini Bologna, Papal States 65 / 83 Reformed the education of priests and the calendar of feasts. Completed the Trevi Fountain and affirmed the teachings of Thomas Aquinas; founded academies of art, religion and science.
248 6 July 1758
– 2 February 1769
(700110000000000000010 years, 7002211000000000000211 days)
Clement XIII
Papa CLEMENS Tertius Decimus

Rosa umbriæ
("Umbrian rose")

Carlo della Torre di Rezzonico Venice, Republic of Venice 65 / 75 Provided the famous fig leaves on male statues in the Vatican. Defended the Society of Jesus in Apostolicum pascendi (1765).
249 19 May 1769
– 22 September 1774
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002126000000000000126 days)
Clement XIV
Papa CLEMENS Quartus Decimus

Ursus velox
("Quick bear")

Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli, O.F.M. Conv. Sant'Arcangelo di Romagna, Papal States 63 / 68 Member of the Conventual Franciscan Order. Suppressed the Jesuit Order in the brief Dominus ac Redemptor (1773).
250 15 February 1775
– 29 August 1799
(700124000000000000024 years, 7002195000000000000195 days)
Pius VI
Papa PIUS Sextus

Floret in domo domini
("It blossoms in the house of God")

Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi Cesena, Emilia-Romagna, Papal States 57 / 81 Condemned the French Revolution; expelled from the Papal States by French troops from 1798 until his death. The last pope to be a patron of Renaissance art; reign viewed a success until his expulsion.
N/A 29 August 1799
–14 March 1800
Interregnum Six-month period without a valid pope elected. This was due to unique logistical problems (the old pope died a prisoner and the conclave was in Venice) and a deadlock among cardinals voting.

19th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
251 14 March 1800
– 20 August 1823
(700123000000000000023 years, 7002159000000000000159 days)
Servant of God Pius VII
Papa PIUS Septimus

Aquila Rapax
("Rapacious eagle")

Count Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti, O.S.B. Cesena, Emilia-Romagna, Papal States 57 / 81 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Present at Napoleon's coronation as Emperor of the French. Briefly expelled from the Papal States by the French between 1809 and 1814.
252 28 September 1823
– 10 February 1829
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002135000000000000135 days)
Leo XII
Papa LEO Duodecimus
Count Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola Sermattei della Genga Genga, Marche, Papal States 63 / 68 Placed the Catholic educational system under the control of the Jesuits through Quod divina sapientia (1824). Condemned the bible societies.
253 31 March 1829
– 30 November 1830
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002244000000000000244 days)
Pius VIII
Papa PIUS Octavus
Francesco Saverio Castiglioni Cingoli, Marche, Papal States 67 / 69 Accepted Louis Philippe I as King of the French. Condemned the masonic secret societies and modernist biblical translations in the brief Litteris altero (1830).
254 2 February 1831
– 1 June 1846
(700115000000000000015 years, 7002119000000000000119 days)
Gregory XVI
Papa GREGORIUS Sextus Decimus
Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari, O.S.B. Cam. Belluno, Veneto, Republic of Venice 65 / 80 Member of the Camaldolese Order; last non-bishop to be elected to the papacy. Opposed democratic and modernising reforms in the Papal States.
255 16 June 1846
– 7 February 1878
(700131000000000000031 years, 7002236000000000000236 days)
Bl. Pius IX
Papa PIUS Nonus
Count Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, O.F.S. Senigallia, Marche, Papal States 54 / 85 Opened the First Vatican Council; lost the Papal States to Italy. Defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception and defined papal infallibility. Issued the controversial Syllabus of Errors. Longest serving pope in history.
256 20 February 1878
– 20 July 1903
(700125000000000000025 years, 7002150000000000000150 days)
Leo XIII
Papa LEO Tertius Decimus
Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci, O.F.S. Carpineto Romano, Lazio, Papal States 67 / 93 Issued the encyclical Rerum Novarum; supported Christian democracy as against communism. Had the fourth-longest reign after Pius IX, St Peter and John Paul II. Promoted the rosary and the scapular and approved two new Marian scapulars; first pope to fully embrace the concept of Mary as mediatrix.

20th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Motto
Latin (English)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
257 4 August 1903
– 20 August 1914
(700111000000000000011 years, 700116000000000000016 days)
St Pius X
Papa PIUS Decimus

Instaurare Omnia in Christo
("Restore all things in Christ")

Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, O.F.S. Riese, Treviso, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire 68 / 79 Encouraged and expanded reception of the Eucharist. Combatted Modernism and issued the oath against it. Advocated the Gregorian Chant; reformed the Roman Breviary.
258 3 September 1914
– 22 January 1922
(70007000000000000007 years, 7002141000000000000141 days)
Benedict XV
Papa BENEDICTUS Quintus Decimus

In te, Domine, speravi:
non confundar in aeternum.

("In thee, o Lord, have I trusted: let me not be confounded for evermore.")

Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista Della Chiesa, O.F.S. Genoa, Pegli, Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia 59 / 67 Credited for intervening for peace during World War I. Issued the 1917 Code of Canon Law; supported the missionaries in Maximum Illud. Remembered by Benedict XVI as a "prophet of peace".
259 6 February 1922
– 10 February 1939
(700117000000000000017 years, 70004000000000000004 days)
Pius XI
Papa PIUS Undecimus

Pax Christi in Regno Christi
("The Peace of Christ in the Kingdom of Christ")

Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti, O.F.S. Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire 64 / 81 Signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy (1929) establishing Vatican City as a sovereign state. Inaugurated Vatican Radio; created the feast of Christ the King. Opposed Communism, Nazism and Fascism.
260 2 March 1939
– 9 October 1958
(700119000000000000019 years, 7002221000000000000221 days)
Ven. Pius XII
Papa PIUS Duodecimus

Opus Justitiae Pax
("The work of justice [shall be] peace")

Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli, O.F.S. Rome, Lazio, Kingdom of Italy 63 / 82 Invoked papal infallibility in the encyclical Munificentissimus Deus; defined the dogma of the Assumption. Eliminated the Italian majority of cardinals. Credited with intervening for peace during World War II; controversial for his role in saving Jews during the Holocaust.
261 28 October 1958
– 3 June 1963
(70004000000000000004 years, 7002218000000000000218 days)
St John XXIII
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Tertius

Obedientia et Pax
("Obedience and peace")

Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, O.F.S. Sotto il Monte, Bergamo, Kingdom of Italy 76 / 81 Opened the Second Vatican Council; called "Good Pope John". Issued the encyclical Pacem in Terris (1963) on peace and nuclear disarmament; intervened for peace during the Cuban Missile Crisis (1962).
262 21 June 1963
– 6 August 1978
(700115000000000000015 years, 700146000000000000046 days)
Ven. Paul VI
Papa PAULUS Sextus

Cum Ipso in Monte
("With Him on the mount")

Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini Concesio, Brescia, Kingdom of Italy 65 / 80 Last pope to be crowned in a Papal Coronation with the Papal Tiara. First pope to travel to the USA and Australia; first pope since 1809 to travel outside Italy. Closed the Second Vatican Council. Issued the encyclical Humanae Vitae (1968) on love and contraception.
263 26 August 1978
– 28 September 1978
(50000000000000000000 years, 700133000000000000033 days)
Servant of God John Paul I
Papa IOANNES PAULUS Primus

Humilitas
("Humility")

Albino Luciani Forno di Canale, Belluno, Veneto, Kingdom of Italy 65 / 65 Abolished the Papal Coronation opting for the Papal Inauguration. First pope to use 'the First' in papal name; first with two names for two immediate predecessors. Last pope to use the Sedia Gestatoria.
264 16 October 1978
– 2 April 2005
(700126000000000000026 years, 7002168000000000000168 days)
St John Paul II

Papa IOANNES PAULUS Secundus

Totus Tuus
("Totally yours")

Karol Józef Wojtyła Wadowice, Republic of Poland 58 / 84 First Polish pope and first non-Italian pope since Adrian VI. Associated with the fall of Communism in Europe. Traveled extensively; first pope to travel to Canada. Third longest reign after Pius IX and St Peter. Founded World Youth Day (1984). Canonized more saints than all his predecessors.

21st century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Motto
Latin (English)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
265 19 April 2005
– 28 February 2013
(70007000000000000007 years, 7002315000000000000315 days)
Benedict XVI
Papa BENEDICTUS Sextus Decimus

Cooperatores Veritatis
("Cooperators of the truth")

Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany 78 / 85 Oldest to become pope since Clement XII (1730). Elevated the Tridentine Mass to a more prominent position and promoted the use of Latin; re-introduced several dissused papal garments. Established the Anglican Ordinariate. First pope to renounce the papacy on his own initiative since Celestine V (1294), retaining regnal name with title of Pope Emeritus.
266 13 March 2013
– present
(70001000000000000001 year, 700167000000000000067 days)
Francis
Papa FRANCISCUS

Miserando atque Eligendo
("By having mercy, by choosing him")

Jorge Mario Bergoglio, S.J. Flores, Buenos Aires, Argentina 76 / - First pope to be born outside Europe since Gregory III and the first from the Americas; first pope from the Southern Hemisphere. First Jesuit pope. First to use a new and non-composed regnal name since Lando (913–914).

Religious orders

37 popes have been members of religious orders. These have included:

  • Benedictines (17):
    • Gregory I, Boniface IV, Adeodatus II, Leo IV, John IX, Leo VII, Stephen IX, Gregory VII, Victor III, Urban II, Paschal II, Gelasius II, Celestine V, Clement VI, Urban V, Pius VII
and including Camaldolese (1):
Gregory XVI
and including Canons Regulars (5):
Honorius II, Innocent II, Lucius II, Gregory VIII, Adrian IV
  • Dominicans (5):
    • Innocent V, Benedict XI, Nicholas V, Pius V, Benedict XIII
and including Conventual Franciscans (2):
Sixtus V, Clement XIV
and including Secular Franciscans (12):
Gregory IX, Gregory X, Martin V, Innocent XII, Clement XII, Pius IX, Leo XIII, Pius X, Benedict XV, Pius XI, Pius XII, John XXIII

Notes on numbering of popes

A number of anomalies in the list given above need further explanation:

  • Felix II (356–357), Boniface VII (974, 984–985), John XVI (997–998), Benedict X (1058–1059) and Alexander V (1409–1410) are not listed because all of them are considered antipopes.
  • The numbering of popes named Felix has been amended to omit antipope Felix II; however, most lists still call the last two Felixes Felix III and Felix IV. Additionally, there was an antipope Felix V.
  • There has never been a pope John XX as a result of confusion of the numbering system in the 11th century.
  • Pope-elect Stephen, who died before being consecrated, has not been on the Vatican's official list of popes since 1961, but appears on lists dating from before 1960. The numbering of following popes called Stephen are nowadays given as Pope Stephen II (752–757) to Pope Stephen IX (1057–1058), rather than Stephen III to Stephen X.
  • When Simon de Brion became pope in 1281, he chose to be called Martin. At that time, Marinus I and Marinus II were mistakenly considered to be Martin II and Martin III respectively, and so, erroneously, Simon de Brion became Pope Martin IV.
  • Pope Donus II, said to have reigned about 974, never existed. The belief resulted from the confusion of the title dominus (lord) with a proper name.
  • Pope Joan also never existed; however, legends about her may have originated from stories about the pornocracy.
  • The status of Antipope John XXIII was uncertain for hundreds of years, and was finally settled in 1958 when Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli announced his own name as John XXIII. Baldassare Cossa, who was Antipope John XXIII, served as a Cardinal of the reunited church before his death in 1419 and his remains are found in the Florence Baptistery.

See also

References

Specific

  1. Annuario Pontificio 2012 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2012 ISBN 978-88-209-8722-0), p. 12*
  2. "Corrections Made to Official List of Popes". ZENIT. 5 June 2001. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  3. "Papal Primacy of honour: titles and insignia". Newadvent.org. 1 June 1911. Retrieved 2013-02-23. 
  4. ^ Fahlbusch, Erwin (et al.); Bromiley (English translation), Geoffrey William, eds. (2005). "Pope, Papacy". Evangelisches Kirchenlexikon [The encyclopedia of Christianity] 4. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 272–282. ISBN 0-8028-2416-1. Retrieved 7 September 2011. 
  5. The fourth pope Discussed in the article on Clement I
  6. Mcbrien, Richard P. (31 October 2006). The Pocket Guide to the Popes. HarperCollins. pp. 30–31. ISBN 978-0-06-113773-0. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  7. "The Chronography of 354 AD. Part 13: Bishops of Rome". pp. from Theosodr Mommsen, MGH Chronica Minora I (1892), pp.73–6. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  8. "OCA - St Liberius the Pope of Rome". Ocafs.oca.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23. 
  9. Deno John Geanakoplos (15 September 1989). Constantinople and the West: essays on the late Byzantine (Palaeologan) and Italian Renaissances and the Byzantine and Roman churches. Univ of Wisconsin Press. pp. 263–. ISBN 978-0-299-11884-6. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  10. For the dates of death of Clement III and the election of Celestine III see Katrin Baaken: Zu Wahl, Weihe und Krönung Papst Cölestins III. Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters Volume 41 / 1985, pp. 203–211
  11. Philip Hughes, "Innocent III & the Latin East," History of the Church, vol. 2, p. 371, Sheed & Ward, 1948.
  12. "Pope Adrian VI (1522-1523)". GCatholic. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  13. "Pope Clement VII (1523-1534)". GCatholic. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  14. "Pope Paul IV (1555-1559)". GCatholic. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  15. "Pope Pius V (1566-1572)". GCatholic. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  16. John Henry Blunt (1874). "Jansenists". Dictionary of Sects, Heresies, Ecclesiastical Parties, and Schools of Religious Thought. Rivingtons. pp. 234–240. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  17. "Pope Alexander VII (1655-1667)". GCatholic. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  18. "Pope Alexander VII (1655-1667)". GCatholic. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  19. "Pope Clement XIII (1758-1769)". GCatholic. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  20. "Pope Clement XIV (1769-1774)". GCatholic. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  21. "The Wind was too Strong". Rome Art Lover. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  22. "Pope Pius VII (1800-1823)". GCatholic. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  23. Brown, Andrew (11 February 2013). "Benedict, the placeholder pope who leaves a battered, weakened church". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  24. Pianigiani, Gaia; Povoledo, Elisabetta (27 February 2013). "Benedict XVI to Keep His Name and Become Pope Emeritus". The New York Times. 
  25. "Pope Francis : "Miserando atque eligendo"...". Vatican Radio. 18 March 2013. 
  26. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Paschal Robinson (1913). "Antipope". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  27. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Paschal Robinson (1913). "Chronological Lists of Popes". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  28. Wikisource-logo.svg Paschal Robinson (1913). "Pope Martin IV". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  29. Wikisource-logo.svg Paschal Robinson (1913). "Popess Joan". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 

General

  • The Early Papacy: To the Synod of Chalcedon in 451, Adrian Fortescue, Ignatius Press, 2008.
  • The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, John N.D. Kelly, Oxford University Press, 1986.
  • Catholicism, Henri de Lubac, Ignatius Press, 1988.
  • Rome and the Eastern Churches, Aidan Nichols, Ignatius Press, 2010.
  • I Papi. Venti secoli di storia, Pontificia Amministrazione della Patriarcale Basilica di San Paolo, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2002.
  • Rome Sweet Home, Scott Hahn, Ignatius Press, 1993.
  • Enciclopedia dei Papi, AA.VV., Istituto dell'Enciclopedia italiana, 2000.

External links

  • Catholic Encyclopedia
  • GCatholic.org
  • Popes & Anti-Popes
  • Orthodox Church in America, The Lives of Saints (Eastern Christian)

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