The Original Oak, named after the Skyrack Oak which grew opposite.
The Skyrack, historical remnants of the Wapentake.
Terrace houses typical of the Southern districts of Headingley.
Headingley is first mentioned in the Domesday Book as Hedingelei or Hedingeleia in 1086 where it is recorded that Ilbert de Lacy held 7 carucates (about 840 acres) of land. The name is thought to derive from Old English Head(d)inga 'of the descendants of Head(d)a' + lēah 'open ground', thus meaning "the clearing of Hedda's people". Headda has sometimes been identified with Saint Hædde. However, a stone coffin found near Beckett Park in 1995 suggests there may have been an earlier settlement in late Roman or post-Roman times.
From Viking times, Headingley was the centre of the wapentake of Skyrack, or Siaraches, the "Shire oak". The name may refer to an oak tree that was used as a meeting place for settling legal disputes and raising armies. An ancient oak, said to be the Shire Oak, stood to the north of St Michael's Church until 1941, and gives its name to two pubs, The Original Oak and The Skyrack.
During the 13th century William de Poiteven gave land in Headingley to Kirkstall Abbey, and in 1341 the remainder of the township of Headingley-cum-Burley was given to the monastery by the then owner, John de Calverley.
The shire oak in 1890.
A map of 1711 shows Headingley as having a chapel, cottages, and farmsteads scattered around a triangle of land formed by the merging of routes from north, west and south. Enclosed fields were situated around the settlement with a large tract of common land, Headingley Moor, to the north. In an 1801 census, Headingley's population is given as 300.
An 1829 Act of Parliament enclosed Headingley Moor and the land was placed for sale. Around 30 workers' cottages had by then encroached upon the fringes of the moor before 1829. Land in this vicinity was generally cheaper than that at Headingley Hill as it failed to attract the building of affluent villas. This brought about the building of smaller terraced housing around Moor Road and Cottage Road. In the mid 19th century, Far Headingley had begun to develop over what was largely unclaimed common land.
Headingley continued to be a village until the expansion of Leeds during the industrial revolution and became a popular suburb where the rich moved to escape the filth and pollution of the city.
In 1840, it became the site of Leeds' Zoological and Botanical Gardens. Despite the opening of Headingley railway station, serving the gardens, in 1849, the zoo was a loss-making venture and closed in 1858. The bear pit still survives and can be seen on Cardigan Road.
The Meanwood Beck, to the east of the village, was a source of water for the early inhabitants and later provided a source of power for the Victorians of Leeds.
The Leeds Tramway terminated at a depot at Far Headingley from 1875 to 1959, improving the accessibility of Headingley from Leeds city centre. Improved transport facilitated further growth and attracted many more affluent middle class inhabitants. The tramway perhaps ended Headingley's village status and made it into a suburb of Leeds.
With exception of Beckett Park and the surrounding area, most of Headingley had been developed by the beginning of the twentieth century. In a 1911 census the population of Headingley was in excess of 46,000.
The area has a history of student inhabitation, with Leeds Metropolitan University having a campus at Beckett Park in Headingley. Much of the housing around Kirkstall Lane is rented to students. The conversion of Leeds Polytechnic into a University and its subsequent growth has brought about an increased student population in Headingley in the last ten years.
Throughout Headingley's modern era, the Rugby and Cricket stadiums have been significant in the fabric of the area. A major England test match or a Rugby League derby brings many spectators to the area. The cricket ground has been enlarged in recent years to maintain its eligibility for test matches while in 2006 the Eastern terraces on the Rugby ground were replaced with the current Carnegie stand. The winter shed cricket pavilion has been replaced with a new stand and media centre.
As Headingley is close to both the University of Leeds and Leeds Metropolitan University campuses, it has become a very popular student area. This has had both positive and negative consequences on the local population and environment. The biggest complaints against students (and increasingly, young professionals) relate to the use of multiple-occupancy houses which are prone to burglary, often neglected by landlords and occupants alike and are typically left unoccupied during university holidays. However, the student population has brought money into the area, improved public transport and, generally, made it a more desirable place to live for a portion of the population.
Family areas still exist such as in Far Headingley or the Triangle near the Co-op on Cardigan Rd.
Headingley Stadium cricket ground during an England game.
The Carnegie Stand at Headingley Stadium rugby ground.
Headingley is also known in sporting circles — its stadium (known as Headingley) is home to the Yorkshire County Cricket Club as well as the Leeds Rhinosrugby league and Leeds Carnegierugby union clubs. Headingley is also the home of the FA Chartership Team of the Year 2006, Headingley AFC. The team currently plays in the West Yorkshire League Division 1. Headingley AFC won the Barkston Ash FA Cup on 9 April 2007, winning the final 2–0 against Sherburn White Rose. They are currently managed by Elliott Sheeran.
For many decades the Headingley Stadium remained largely unchanged, however since 2000 the cricket ground has been nearly entirely rebuilt in order to retain test ground status. The winter shed was demolished in 2008 and replaced by a new stand and media centre, giving the approach to the north entrance a distinctive and modern waymark. The rugby ground also saw development with the building of the Carnegie Stand which replaced the former Eastern Terraces. This was built with co-operation from Leeds Metropolitan University who retain lecture rooms in the building. The South Stand has a reduced capacity for 2009 as repairs are needed to the front of the terraces, this has brought about the consideration of replacing either the South Stand or Western Terraces. The Yorkshire Evening Post reported that the 'safety concerns were likely to lead to the stand being demolished and rebuilt'. The North Stand of the rugby ground was the preferential stand to be redeveloped, however as it backs onto the cricket ground it required mutual co-operation. Yorkshire County Cricket Club preferred to redevelop the dilapidated Winter Shed instead.
Headingley has two renowned fish and chip shops/ fish restaurants who have been serving since the 1930s: Brett's, a 19th-century stone building on North Lane, and Bryan's (now called The Fisherman's Wife), a more modern building on Weetwood Lane. There are several pubs and bars plus extensive shopping areas. The pub Headingley Taps is so called because it was formerly a water pumping station. Other pubs and bars include the famous Original Oak, Skyrack, Arcadia and The Arc. Close by in Far Headingley are in close proximity The New Inn, The Three Horseshoes and Woodies. In the Headingley Arndale Centre there is a Sainsbury's (formerly a Somerfield), a Wilkinson and several other chain shops as well as a small multi-storey car park. Headingley also has a small library on North Lane. There are many banks, building societies, restaurants, cafes and charity shops. Along Otley Road there is a Boots the Chemist and a large Oxfam bookshop. Until 2005 Headingley had two cinemas, 'The Lounge' and 'The Cottage Road Cinema' (usually referred to as 'Cottage Road'). The Lounge Cinema in the centre of Headingley has since closed and is being redeveloped as office and living accommodation, leaving only Cottage Road in Far Headingley. The area's Woolworths closed in the 1990s. Until the 1980s, the Arndale Centre boasted a bowling alley. The Arndale Centre began undergoing an external facelift in 2009. The nearest large supermarket is a Morrisons in Kirkstall, approximately a mile away from the centre of Headingley.
Yorkshire Ripper Peter Sutcliffe committed two of his 20 attacks in Headingley. He killed 20-year-old Jacqueline Hill - the last of the 13 women he killed - in the area on 17 November 1980. On 24 September that year, he had also attacked Singapore born doctor Upadhya Bandara, 34, in the area, but she survived his assault. Sutcliffe was arrested within two months of Hill's murder and subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment for a total of 13 murders and seven attempted murders.
Celebrate Headingley is an annual series of events organised by Headingley Network, taking place for the ninth time in September 2009. It has been growing and developing since the first one in September 2001. The main intentions are to bring together members of a community which is often seen as beleaguered, to celebrate the diversity and strengths of the local population and to provide opportunities for residents to enjoy each other’s company in a variety of social situations. Events include musical, literary, social and children's events, and local restaurants offer special deals.
Headingley Development Trust
Headingley street map.
Headingley Development Trust (HDT) is an organisation, made up of concerned local residents and small businesses, formed with the aim of promoting and developing a sustainable community in Headingley. Currently HDT has over 825 members and runs many projects in the area.
Headingley in Bloom is responsible for planting flowers around Headingley with the help of local school children. Cafe Scientifique is a place where local residents can meet for mini ‘lectures’ on all things Scientific. Headingley Homes is a project which directly intervenes into the housing market. To address the demographic imbalance HH aims to purchase homes to be leased to families rather than continue as a HMOs (houses of multiple occupation). Pig and Fowl Co-ops is the newest project from HDT set up to purchase chicken and pork direct from the producer. This gives members access to high quality meat, humanely reared and killed, supporting local organic farming. Farmers Market. happens every second Saturday of the month which is certified by FARMA and is one of the most visible and successful projects of the Trust.
HDT have refurbished and developed Headingleys old primary school building on Bennett Road into a Headingley Enterprise and ARTs centre – HEART. It is to date Headingley's biggest ever community project. HEART accommodates rehearsal and meeting spaces and training rooms on the ground floor, a café with outdoor and conservatory seating areas and a 'catalyst’ business centre on the first floor particularly targeted at the arts and media industry. Besides the advantages of keeping the school in community use and introducing much needed facilities to central Headingley, HDT believes that HEART will create a new cultural buzz in Headingley, provide a space that all residents of Headingley can enjoy, secure the local business base and help to encourage graduates to stay on to make Headingley their permanent home.
For more information on the Trust visit: http://www.heartcentre.org.uk/
Headingley Parish Church
St Columba United Reformed Church
Headingley Parish Church is dedicated to St Michael and All Angels, and is a large, grade II* listed, steepled church on the corner of Otley Road and St Michael's Road, opposite the Skyrack public house. The Church was built between 1884–86 as the third church on this site. There is a separate parish of Far Headingley, with its parish church of St Chad's (also a large steepled church and grade II* listed).
South Parade Baptist church (1908 and 1925) and Headingley Methodist church (1840–45 and later extensions) are both grade II listed. St Columba's United Reformed church is a modern building, as is the Roman Catholic parish church of St Urban's, to the east of the area. The small Lutheran church of St Luke's in Alma Road was converted from the coach house and stable of a Victorian villa.
The ITV television series Fat Friends was set in Headingley. Large amounts of the eighties ITV Beiderbecke trilogy was filmed in and around Headingley and Becketts Park, along with Moor Grange and Pudsey. Parts of Headingley stood in for Northern Ireland in Harrys Game, and A Touch of Frost used locations in the area.