Cistecephalus is an extinct genus of dicynodonttherapsid from the Late Permian of South Africa. It was a small, specialised, burrowing dicynodont, possibly with habits similar to a modern mole. The head was flattened and wedge-shaped, the body long, and the forelimbs very strong, with similarities in structure to the forelimb of modern burrowing mammals.
It was one of the first genera of dicynodonts to be described, by Richard Owen, in 1876.
Cistecephalus could reach up to 60 centimetres (24 in) in length.
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Nasterlack, Tobias, Canoville, Aurore, and Chinsamy Anusuya, 2012. New Insights Into The Biology Of The Permian Genus Cistecephalus (Therapsida, Dicynodontia), Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 32:6, 1396-1410.